Reed College

Psych Colloquium: Matthew Ford - Alcohol, Nicotine & Addiction

Psychology department
Alcohol, Nicotine & Addiction

Matthew Ford, Ph.D. OHSU Primate center
 

Drug Interactions in Discrimination and Intake Patterns Underlie Co-Abuse Liability

Despite a steady decline in the rate of current smokers over the past four decades down to 20%, rates are estimated to be approximately 80% in chronic alcoholics, indicating that this sub-group of the population may be particularly vulnerable to co-abuse and its associated health-related and social costs.  We have implemented drug discrimination and concurrent drug self-administration procedures in mice to investigate the neural and behavioral mechanisms underlying alcohol-nicotine co-use.  At the level of subjective drug effects, two interactive mechanisms emerge: 1) alcohol overshadows the perception of the nicotine component and the drug mixture generates predominantly alcohol-like discriminative stimulus effects, and 2) nicotine pretreatment enhances the efficacy of the alcohol component.  At the level of self-administration, concurrent nicotine intake dose-dependently augments alcohol intake and blood alcohol concentration by up to 1.5- and 3-fold, respectively.  Preliminary evidence suggests that we may be able to uncouple these synergistic interactions with neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor ligands such as the partial agonist varenicline.
 

Thursday, November 16 at 4:30pm to 5:30pm

Psychology, 136
3203 Southeast Woodstock Boulevard, Portland, Oregon 97202-8199

Event Type

Lecture

Audience

Students

Departments

Psychology

Tags

psychology, Addiction, alcohol

Website

http:// reed.edu/psychology  

Cost

Free!

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